This is a very basic post for the kids and for the people to explain the banking terminologies. Here is a conversation between Dad and Son explaining how the bank operates,
What are the implications of CRR, SLR, Repo Rate, Reverse Repo Rate and their impact on deposit rate, loan interest rate and on inflation?
Son: I have heard recently that Mr. Rajan has reduced Repo Rate by 50 basis points and everyone is saying that this is good for the market. Loan EMI may also come down. What is this rate cut means actually? I want to understand this.
Dad: To understand this you first need to know, how does a bank function. Continue reading “How does a bank operate?”
The Topic is not new but the confusion still prevails to many, In the past have already done 4 post on it , the short link been shared below the article.
There is much confusion about what shadow banking is. Some equate it with securitisation, others with non-traditional bank activities, and yet others with non-bank lending. Regardless, most think of shadow banking as activities that can create systemic risk. This column proposes to describe
shadow banking as ‘all financial activities, except traditional banking, which require a private or public backstop to operate’.
Backstops can come in the form of franchise value of a bank or insurance company, or a government guarantee. The need for a backstop is a crucial feature of shadow banking, which distinguishes it from the “usual” intermediated capital market activities, such as custodians, hedge funds, leasing companies, etc. Continue reading “Shadow Banking”
Off late most investors of below investment grade debt – be it leveraged loans or high yield bonds – are intently focused on three specific questions, two of which are fairly straight forward, while the third is more complex:
Q1. What is the state of the credit fundamentals and tangentially, what are current underwriting standards like?
A1. Solid and reasonable, respectively
Q2. What are valuations like in the market?
A2. The current and forecasted benign default environment is supportive of current valuations and spread levels; however, macro influences could lead to bouts of volatility Continue reading “Leveraged loans or High yield bonds”
Leveraged finance is funding a company or business unit with more debt than would be considered normal for that company or industry. More-than-normal debt implies that the funding is riskier, and therefore more costly, than normal borrowing. As a result, levered finance is commonly employed to achieve a specific, often temporary, objective: to make an acquisition, to effect a buy-out, to repurchase shares or fund a one-time dividend, or to invest in a self-sustaining cash-generating asset.
Although different banks mean different things when they talk about leveraged finance, it generally includes two main products – leveraged loans and high-yield bonds. Leveraged loans, which are often defined as credits priced 150 basis points or more over the London interbank offered rate, are essentially loans with a high rate of interest to reflect a higher risk posed by the borrower. High-yield or junk bonds are those that are rated below “investment grade,” i.e. less than triple-B. Continue reading “Leverage and its various forms :”